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1. AGRICULTURE SCENARIO OF DHUBRI DISTRICT

The Dhubri district is situated in the extreme western end of Assam, covering a total geographical area of 2746 sq. km. The mighty river Brahmaputra bisects the district, on Northern side with Dhubri and Bilasipara Sub-Division and Southern side with Southa Salmara-Mankachar Sub-Division.

The topography of the district is very peculiar. It has got many rivers, small ranges of hillocks as well as several natural depressions. Physically the greater part of the district is levelled plain land. The district is also rich in forest resources. About 12% of the total geographical area of the district is found under forest cover.

The soil of the district have been found to exhibit heterogenous characteristics. I the majority of the places particularly reverine tracts loamy to sandyloam soil are predominant. In some pockets clay to heavy clay soil also in existence. Soil reaction is acidic and found to very from 5.6 to 6.5 in pH scale.

The district experience a warm humid climate. Monsoon usually starts from the month of June and continue up to early September. The district also experience substantial amount of pre-monsoon rain starting from the month of April. The relative humidity is as on average 90% and average annual rainfall is about 2244 mm.

The district is under the Agro-climate zone of “Lower Brahmaputra Valley”. The population of the district is 16,34,589 as per census 2001. Around 90% of the population are member of farm-families depending mainly on Agriculture for their livelihood.

Paddy, wheat, other cereals, jute, mustard, pulses, vegetables etc. are the main crops of the district.

Arecanut, coconut, citrus, betle-vine, cashew nut, spices etc. are the major horticulture crops of the district.

Net cropped area of the district : 156376 Ha.
Gross cropped area : 306497 Ha.
Cropping intensity : 203%
Fertilizer consumption in terms of NPK : 74 kg/Ha.

2. DETAIL OF VERIOUS PROGRAMME LAUNCHED BY GOVERNMENT FOR AGRICULTURAL SECTOR

A. Technology Mission for Development of Horticulture : The Mission aims at all round development of horticulture crops. The mission is sub-divided in to four mini missions viz i) Mini Mission-1, ii) Mini Mission-2, iii) Mini Mission-3, iv) Mini Mission-4. Under these Mini Mission various Govt. development and Agril. University work in a coordinated approach for development of horticultural crops by introducing new varieties, increasing area under the crop, better marketing facilities, processing of the produce etc.

The agriculture department is related with the activity of expending areas under different horticultural crops including introduction of new potential crops such as cashew nut, medicinal and aromatic plants etc. The Agril. department, in order to expand the area under different horticultural crops offer 50% subsidy to the selected groups of farmers cultivating 5 ha. of a horticultural crops in a village with maximum amount limiting to Rs. 65000/- per project. Also there is provision for supply of power tiller, power pump at subsidized rate. Training on modern method of cultivation is also important aspect, therefore, the project has the provision of training of farmers and farm women.

Under this project, area expansion programme of crops like cashew nut, banana, mango, litchi, flower, medicinal plants etc. in 225 ha. of land in different selected villages has been taken in the district. Moreover, 3 nos. of community tank, 2 nos. of nursery have been established. 45 nos. of power tillers and 50 sets of manual equipment have been distributed. 9 nos. of farmers and 1 no. of farm woman training have been conducted up to 2002-2003.

B. Assam Rural Infrastructure And Agril Service Project (ARIASP) : The project was launched wit the objective of all round development of rural farming community with the development of rural agro based infrastructure. The project is a coordinated approach of various Govt. development viz Agriculture, PWD, Irrigation, Fishery, Veterinary, Agril. University and also some NGOs, with Agriculture department as the nodal department. The phase 1 of this project has just ended and the department is awaiting for the phase 2 of this project.

Under this project demonstration on hybrid varieties has been conducted to popularizes the hybrid seed of paddy, vegetables and other crops. Also to strengthen the capacity of F.M.Cs a series of training programme to the office bearer and member of the F.M.Cs had been undertaken.

Under the programme following farm equipments were distributed in the district up to 2004 to different F.M.Cs and some individual farmers at subsidized rate :-

STW with 5 HP Pump set : 6150 Nos.
Tractor with trailor : 40 Nos.
Power Tiller with trailor : 190 Nos.

C. Macro Management Scheme : The main objective of the scheme aims at sustainable agriculture. In order to achieve this goal a series of activity such as introduction of improve crop variety, training programme on Integrated Pest Management, Integrated Nutrient Management followed by field demonstration are undertaken. There is also provision for purchasing power tiller at subsidy of Rs. 30000/-.

Under this scheme following activities were undertaken in this district :
  1. Power Tiller : 20 Nos.
  2. IPM training cum demonstration : 5 Nos.
  3. Hybrid Rice demonstration : 150 Nos.
  4. Subsidy sale of wheat seed : 100 Qtls.

D. Central Sector Minikit Programme : Under this programme, in order to popularized and to find out the suitable crops variety for the district small demonstration of various filed crops undertaken in the farmer’s field from time to time. In the year 2003-2004, 50 nos. of gram, 50 nos. of lentil, 40 nos. of pea, 100 nos. of mustard seed minikit demonstration were conducted in the farmer’s filed.

E. Oil Seed Production Programme (OPP) : The State as a whole and the district in particular is deficient in oil seed crops, the programme aims to minimize this gap. In order to popularize the oil seed crops among the farmers some large sized demonstration on variety, fertilizers, micro nutrient are conducted in the farmer’s field. There is also provision of subsidized sales of seed, sprinkler irrigation system, small agril implements.

Under this programme following activities were undertaken in the district during 2003-2004 :
  1. Block demonstration of rape and mustard : 40 Nos.
  2. Subsidy sale of small agril. implements : 50 Nos.
  3. Subsidy sale of sprinkler system of irrigation : 20 nos.
  4. Micro nutrient : 400 Has.

F. S.C.C.P & T.S.P. Scheme : The aim of the scheme is to up lift the economic condition of SC and ST farmers from bellow poverty level. Under this scheme, in the year 2003-04, materials for 12 nos of poly-green house of 6 nos. in each category along with hybrid vegetables seed were distributed for off-season cultivation of vegetables.

G. National Watershed Development Project for Rainfed Area (N.W.D.P.R.A) : In order to conserve the top soil, maximum utilization of rain water and maintain the ecological balance of the area, some project sites had been selected in the district. In this identified project areas economic development of the people had been encouraged through adoption of broad based agriculture, self employment in cottage industries, micro credit facilities through Self Help Group.

The Identified project sites in the district are :

  1. Goalnani Agomani Dev . Block
  2. Torsa stream Golokganj Dev. Block
  3. Lalkura Rupshi Dev. Block
  4. Madhusaulmari Kutkijhora Rupshi Dev. Block
  5. Chandarkhol Gauripur Dev. Block
  6. Kalo River Mankachar Dev. Block
  7. Makrijhora Mahamaya Dev. Block

H. Special Jute Development Programme (S.J.D.P) : To improve the production and quality of important cash crop of the region ,the scheme helps the farming community through filed demonstration of Jute and Mesta, farmer’s training on production technology and improved methods of fibre extraction, creation of quality retting tank etc.

I. National Horticulture Board Scheme (NHB) : For development of infrastructure in horticulture sector and also to increase the quality production of horticulture crops the NHB provides assistance to group of selected farmers, NGOs, Govt. organization etc.

J. Coconut Development Board Scheme (CNB) : For development of coconut cultivation the board has a provision of giving subsidy to the selected farmers for establishment of coconut orchard, removal of diseased palm, organic farming etc.

K. Kissan Credit Cards : The KCC programme was launched by the government to give relief to the farmer from heavy rate of interest that was paid to the private moneylender by them for the amount that borrowed for agricultural purpose. This policy offers loan to the needy farmer in a easy procedure. The agriculture department plays the role of facilitating the farmers to go to the bank of their locality for loan.

Achievement of KCC in Dhubri district as follows :

YearNo. of KCC issued Total amount disbursed
2001-02 165 Rs. 3121700/-
2002-03 1496Rs. 18890116/-
2003-04 2394Rs. 15756000/-
2004-05 299 Rs. 3536000/-

L.Calamity Relief programme : Over and above the department in coordination of revenue department takes up calamity relief programme when some natural calamities like flood, hailstorm, draught etc. occurs. In order to partially substantiate the crop loss due to natural calamity, seeds, fertilizer, pesticides etc. distributed among the affected farmers.

During 2003-04 following quantities of seeds were distributed among the flood affected farmers of the district :
Wheat Seed 3100.0 Qtls.
Lentil Seed400.0 Qtls.
Pea Seed56.6 Qtls.
Maize Seed90.0 Qtls.
Mustard Seed40.0 Qtls.
Summer Paddy Seed40.0 Qtls.
Blackgram Seed220.0 Qtls.

M. (a) Total area under cultivation : 3,06,479 Ha.
(b & c) Total Area Under Irrigation And Irrigation System Used :

1. E.L.I. 102 Ha.
2. F.I.S 154 Ha.
3. L.I.S 1002 Ha.
4. D.T.W 330 Ha.
5. S.T.W 43500 Ha.
6. L.L.P 7000 Ha.
7. Dekhi Pump 2500 Ha.
Total 55088 Ha.

(d) Area under Major crops/Cash crops/Other crops :
A. Major Crops :
1. Paddy :

(a) Summer Paddy 59200 Ha.
(b) Autumn Paddy 30150 Ha.
(c) Winter Paddy 62500 Ha.
Total 151850 Ha.

2. Wheat 10240 Ha.
3. Oil Seed :

(i) Rape & Mustard 18700 Ha.
(ii) Niger 2430 Ha.
(iii) Ground Nut 250 Ha.
(iv) Lin Seed 580 Ha.
(v) Others 360 Ha.
Total 22320 Ha.

4. Pulses :

(i) Greengram 240 Ha.
(ii) Arhar 130 Ha.
(iii) Blackgram 6740 Ha.
(iv) Lentil 2120 Ha.
(v) Pea 390 Ha.
(vi) Gram 105 Ha.
(vii) Other Pulses 425 Ha.
Total 10150 Ha.

B. Cash Crops :

(a) Jute 17000 Ha.
(b) Mesta 700 Ha.
(c) Sugarcane 120 Ha.
(d) Coconut 2330 Ha.
(e) Arecanut 7620 Ha.

C. Spices :

(i) Onion 1020 Ha.
(ii) Garlic 967 Ha.
(iii) Chillies 2187 Ha.
(iv) Corriander 1585 Ha.
(v) Turmeric 729 Ha.
(vi) Ginger 659 Ha.
(vii) Other minor
spices
853 Ha.
Total 8000 Ha.

D. Fruits :

(i) Fruits including minor fruits 10050 Ha.

E. Vegetables (Rabi & Kharif) 11000 Ha.

F. Root & Tuber Crops 6200 Ha.

G. Others Horticulture Crops 1150 Ha.

(e) Types of soil : The soil of the district have been found to exhibit heterogeneous characteristics. In majority of the places particularly riverine tracks loamy to sandyloam soil are predominant. In some pockets clay to heavy clay soil also in existence. Soil reaction is acidic and found to very from 5.6 to 6.5 in pH scale.

(f) Cropping pattern : Major cropping pattern of the district is rice based cropping system in which winter rice - wheat, winter rice - mustard - jute, summer rice - winter rice - vegetables, summer rice - mustard/pulses/potato/vegetables.

(g) Farming Method : The farming system of the district is traditional in general, so far farm mechanization is concerned in general. But with the introduction of tractor, power-tiller and power-pump in last four five years mechanized farming system is taking a shape in some area of the district, but however more nos. of these equipments viz. power-tiller, tractor, power-pump etc. are in great demand in the district. The farmers are interested to undertake the modern techniques of cultivation, the major hurdle of this is economic condition of the farmers and land fragmentation.

Numbers of farm equipments are available in the district as follows :
No. of tractor : 60 Nos.
No. of power tiller : 370 Nos.
No. of power pump/STW sets : 29000 Nos.

(h) Total number of F.M.Cs : 4226 Nos.
Detail of major F.M.C :
I.

1. Greenland F.M.C, Hakama, Bilasipara.
2. Redg. No. : B-225
3. Total no. of members : 94
4. Name of President
Secretary
: Sri Sankar Goswami.
: Sri Saila Shekhar Chakraborty.
5. Net cropped area : 85 Ha.
6. Grossed cropped area : 147 Ha.
7. Total fund of the F.M.C. : Rs. 181470/-
8. Bank Account No. : 5785/30 Apex Bank, Bilasipara, 3120/16 UBI, Hakama.
9. Total no. of SHG under F.M.C : 5 Nos.
10. Other activities of F.M.C:
    a. No. of piggery farm
    b. No. of poultry
    c. No. of dairy
    d. No. of fishery
    e. No. of handloom
    d. No. of power pump
    e. No. of power tiller


    : 3 Nos.
    : 5 Nos.
    : 5 Nos.
    : 13 Nos.
    : 4 Nos.
    : 16 Nos.
    : 1 No.

II.
1. Santi F.M.C, Asarikandi, Dhubri.
2. Redg. No. : DS-0485, Dated 05-09-2003.
3. Total no. of members : 57 Nos.
4. Name of President
Secretary
: Sakeruddin Seikh.
:Abdul Kasem.
5. Net cropped area : 62.5 Ha.
6. Grossed cropped area : 118 Ha.
7. Total fund of the F.M.C : Rs. 78000/-
8. Bank Account No. : 7867/27 P.G. Bank, Gauripur.
9. Total no. of SHG under F.M.C : 1 No.
10. Other activities:
    a. No. of power pump
    b. No. of power tiller
    c. No. of paddy threshe


    :13 Nos.
    :2 nos.
    :1 No.
III.
1.Sand Block Golden F.M.C.
2. Redg. No.: D-841.
3. Total no. of members : 55 Nos.
4. Name of President-
Secretary-
:Fulchand Hoque.
:Aynal Hoque.
5. Net cropped area : 27 Ha.
6. Grossed cropped area : 48 Ha.
7. Bank Account No. : 4819/17 P.G. Bank, Alomganj.
8. Total no. of SHG under F.M.C : 1 No.
9. Other activities:
    a. No. of power pump
    b. No. of power tiller


    : 8 Nos.
    : 1 No.
Agril. Manpower Details (viz. nos. of small, marginal, landless farmers etc.)
i. No. of small farm family : 81329 Nos.
ii. No. of marginal farm family : 130767 Nos.
iii. No. of landless family : 98675 Nos.
iv. No. of big farm family : 16146 Nos.

Details about Horticulture in the district : At present horticultural crops are cultivated in 47150 with fruits and nut crops 20000 ha., vegetables 11000 ha., root and tuber crops such as tapioca, colocasia, sweet potato etc. in 6200 ha. and other horticultural crops are also cultivated in the district. Most of these horticultural crops are cultivated in traditional and unscientific way. Therefore, the yield and quality of these products are not up to the commercial grades a available in the market. There are about 19300 ha. of additional area which can be brought under horticulture with minimum effort.

The thrust areas identified for development in horticulture sector are : Introduction of improved varieties of fruits and nut crops, vegetables etc. Introduction of potential new crops such as cashew nut, medicinal and aromatic crops such as patchouli, vanilla etc. Introduction of modern method of cultivation through farmers training and demonstration. Encouraging organic method of cultivation in order to produce export oriented products for establishment of agriexport zone for horticultural crops through training on IPM & INM to the farmers with field demonstration. Increase of infrastructure such as establishment of cold storage, mandies, specialized transport vehicle for transportation of fruits and vegetables etc.

To meet these need state as well as central government is implementing various programme through State department, Central Govt. Boards viz. Coconut Dev. Board, National Horticulture Board in coordination with agriculture department.

Details of the Office/Farm under Agril. Sector in the district : District Agricultural Officer, Dhubri.
Sub-Divisional Agril. Officer, Bilasipara.
Sub-Divisional Agril. Officer, South Salmara-Mankachar.
Executive Engineer (Agri.), Gauripur.
Asstt. Executive Engineer (Agri.), Hatsingimari.
Assam Seed Corporation Limited, Dhubri Branch.
Assam Agro. Industries, Dev. Corporation Ltd., Dhubri Branch.

A. District Agril. Office, Dhubri.
SDAO, Bilasipara SDAO, Dhubri SDAO, S. Salmara, Mankachar
Agril. Farming Corporation,
Bahalpur.

B. Assam Seed Corporation, Dhubri.
A.S.C, Dhubri Branch
Bilasipara Branch
Golakganj Seed Farm
Raniganj Seed Farm

C. Assam Agro. Industries Dev. Corporation, Dhubri.

D. Executive Engineer (Agri), Gauripur.

E. Asstt. Executive Engineer (Agri), Hatsingimari.

Details of Administration Setup of Agril. Department in the district :

Sub-Division : 1. Dhubri, 2. Bilasipara, 3. South Salmara-Mankachar

District Agril Office, Dhubri :

1. District Agril Offier : 1 (one)
2. Asstt. Director of Agriculture (SMS-DL) : 2 (two)
3. Sub-Divisional Agril. Officer : 1 (one)
4. (i) Sr. Agril. Dev. Officer :
(ii) Asstt. Jute Dev. Officer :
(iii) Dist. Agril. Information Officer :
(iv) Asstt. Horticulturist :
(v) Demonstration Officer :
1 (one)
1 (one)
1 (one)
1 (one)
1 (one)
5. Statistical Officer (Agri.) : 1 (one)
6. Agril. Dev. Officer (Jute) at Head Quarter : 3 (three)
7. Agril. Dev. Officer : 10 (ten)
8. Agril. Inspector : 10 (ten)
9. Inspector of Statistic (Agri.) : 1 (one)
10. Asstt. Agril. Inspector : 19 (nineteen)
11. Jute Field Asstt. : 3 (three)
12. Asstt. Inspector (Jute) : 4 (four)
13. Supervisor (DO,CC & TC) : 1 (one)
14. Sub-Inspector of Statistic (Agri.) : 3 (three)
15. Field Asstt. of Statistic (Agri.) : 3 (three)
16. Field Investigator of Statistic (Agri.) : 3 (three)
17. Primary Investigator of Statistic (Agri.) : 4 (four)
18. Village Level Extension Worker : 87 (eighty seven)
19. Supervisory Asstt. : 1 (one)
20. Account : 1 (one)
21 Upper Division Asstt. : 4 (four)
22. Lower Division Asstt. : 11 (eleven)
23. Power Sprayer & Duster Operator : 1 (one)
24. Project Operator : 1 (one)
25. Mechanic : 3 (three)
26. Driver : 6 (six)
27. Peon (Grade-IV) : 27 (twenty seven)
28. Muster Roll Employees : 4 (four)

Sub-Divisional Agril. Office, Bilasipara :

1. Sub-Divisional Agril. Officer : 1 (one)
2. Sr. Agril. Dev. Officer : 1 (one)
3. Agril Dev. Officer : 5 (five)
4. Agril Inspector : 1 (one)
5. Asstt. Agril. Inspector : 6 (six)
6. Village Leave Extension Worker : 27 (twenty seven)
7. Upper Division Asstt. : 1 (one)
8. Lower Division Asstt. : 3 (three)
9. Power Sprayer & Duster Operator : 1 (one)
10. Driver : 1 (one)
11. Peon (Grade-IV) : 4 (four)
12. Muster Roll Employees : 4 (four)

Sub-Divisional Agril. Office, South Salmara-Mankachar :

1. Sub-Divisional Agril. Officer : 1 (one)
2. Sr. Agril. Dev. Officer : 2 (two)
3. Agril Dev. Officer : 6 (six)
4. Agril Inspector : 3 (three)
5. Asstt. Agril. Inspector : 5 (five)
6. Village Leave Extension Worker : 43 (forty three)
7. Upper Division Asstt. : 1 (one)
8. Lower Division Asstt. : 2 (two)
9. Power Sprayer & Duster Operator : 1 (one)
10. Driver : 2 (two)
11. Peon (Grade-IV) : 4 (four)
12. Muster Roll Employees : 4 (four)