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Government Of Assam Dhubri District

District Profile

Dhubri District At a Glance

****The Gateway of Western Assam****

               Dhubri District - the gateway of western Assam happened to be in the past a meeting place of different racial groups which mingled together and formed a unique Cultural Heritage and Historical Background. The growth of blended culture in this region particularly in case of Language, Art and Religion is due to continuous process of assimilation of various races, caste & creed of local people, invaders & migrated people. Dhubri District is bounded both by inter-state and international border i.e. West Bengal and Bangladesh in the west, Goalpara and Bogaigoan district of Assam in the east, Kokrajhar district in the north, South Salmara-Mankachar district and state of Meghalaya in the south. Covering an area of 2,176 Sq. Kms. including forests, riverines, hills etc. the district has become the most densely populated district in India with a density of 896 persons per Sq. Km.(As per 2011 census).

               Dhubri district is primarily dependent on agriculture and forest products. Main source of income is paddy with surplus production than its requirement Jute and mustard seed occupy the major share of cash crops. From forest mainly timber and bamboo add to the income though boulder and sand also available. Fish, milk, meat and egg have small contribution to the economy. Land revenue collection is very small in amount whereas excise duty occupies a lion's share of the Govt. exchequer.

Demography : As per 2011 Census

Total Population : 19,49,258 Nos

Male

9,97,848 Nos. (%)

Female

9,51,410 Nos. (%)

Sex Ratio

1000 : 953

Schedule Caste

70,395 Nos. (3.61%)

Schedule Tribe

6,332 Nos. (0.32%)

Urban Population

2,03,701 Nos. (10.45%)

Rural Population

17,45,557 Nos. (89.55%)

Density

896 Nos. per Sq. Km.

Percentage of Decadal growth rate (91-01)

+24.44

Literates

58.34%

Male

63.10%

Female

53.33%

Birth Rate (AHS 2012-13)

21.8

Projected Population (2019-20)

21,04,198 (Total)

Male

10,77,164

Female

10,27,034

Estimated Pregnant Women (2019-20)

51,616

Estimated Live Birth (2019-20)

46,924

Estimated Infant for Full Immunization (2019-20)

44,859

 

Economy :

Dhubri district is primarily dependent on agriculture and forest products. Main source of income is paddy with surplus production than its requirement. Jute and mustard seed occupy the major share of cash crops. From forest mainly timber and bamboo add to the income though boulder and sand also available. Fish, milk, meat and egg have small contribution to the economy. Land revenue collection is very small in amount whereas excise duty occupies a lion's share of the Govt. exchequer. Devoid of any industrial production the district is considered as a poor district which require more fund for administration, development and welfare works than it actually adds to the state exchequer.
But its rich natural wealth is yet to be explored and put to optimum utilization which could boost up the economy.
Some important production and earnings are given below :

RICE PRODUCTION : 15,000 Tones (Approx)
FOREST REVENUE : Rs. 40,00000.00 (Approx)
EXCISE REVENUE : Rs. 1,70,80,742.00 (2000-2001)
REVENUE COLLECTION BY SALES TAX DEPARTMENT : 10,13,36,902 (2000-2001)

Geography :

               Dhubri District is bounded both by inter-state and international border i.e. West Bengal and Bangladesh in the west, Goalpara and Bogaigoan district of Assam and Garo Hills district of Meghalaya in the east, Kokrajhar district in the north, Bangladesh and state of Meghalaya in the south.This district is located on the globe between 89.42 to 90.12 degree east longitude and 26.22 to 25.28 degree north latitude. The district is situated at 30 meters above the sea level on average. General topography of Dhubri district is plain with patches of small hillocks like Tokorabandha, Dudhnath, Chandardinga, Boukumari, Boropahar, Chakrasila etc. All these are situated in the north eastern part of the district. Mighty river Brahmaputra is flowing through this district from east to west with its tributaries like Champabati, Gourang, Gadadhar, Gangadhar, Tipkai, Sankosh, Silai, Jinjiram etc.

History :

               Assam starts with its south western boundary with the District Dhubri. The present Dhubri District is one of the three Civil Sub-divisions of erstwhile Goalpara district, established in 1876 during British regime. In 1879 the District head quarter was shifted from Goalpara to Dhubri.

               In the year 1983 Goalpara district was divided into four separate districts and Dhubri is one of those. Covering an area of 2,838 Sq. Kms. including forests, riverines, hills etc. the district has become the most densely populated district in India with a density of 896 persons per sq. Km.(As per 2011 census).

               Agriculture is the main livelihood for majority of the people of the district. As per 1991 census reports,73.21% of the total workforce has taken agro-based activities as means of livelihood. The principal crops are Autumn paddy, Winter paddy, Mustard, Rape seeds, Wheat and Jute. Other than agriculture, a small portion of work-force is engaged in live- stock, forestry, fishery etc., while a very small number is engaged in mining & quarry and in manufacturing and processing units. Dhubri district is considered to be the most industrially backward district of Assam. The Agricultural as well as natural resource is not satisfactorily exploited for industrial purpose. However, the district could  attain an appreciable grade qualitatively in the sphere of Handicraft, such as Terracotta, Pith Crafts, Cane & Bamboo Crafts, Weaving, Jute Crafts etc. With the backwardness in literacy and in absence of rich-industrial infrastructure the general socio-economic condition of the district is very poor. The economic growth rate of population multiplied by influx problem from across the border is causing severe pressure on agricultural land holding.

               Rupshi-airport is situated about 15 km away from Dhubri (Presently falls under BTAD) which was constructed during last World War II by the British Govt. exclusively for military operation. Number of private companies operated regular flights (Decota) carrying passengers as well as goods between Calcutta/Dhubri via Jalpaiguri/ Coochbehar (West Bengal) after Independence the Indian-Airlines also operated regular air flights between Calcutta/ Dhubri. At present the Airport is under the National Airport Authority of India and lying unused.

               Dhubri Dist. also witnessed the glorious visit of many of the historical personalities like - Guru Nanaka, Srimanta Sankardeva, Guru Teg Bahadur, Swami Vivekananda, Mahatma Gandhi, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, Gopinath Bordoloi and others.

               The Dhubri Town had a very busy river port on the bank of the river Brahmaputra which was used as an international trade centre with the neighboring countries. At present, this port is lying idle. Though the town is connected with railway lines, its importance was decreased when direct line to Calcutta was snapped after partition as the line ran through the erst-while East Pakistan (presently Bangladesh).The present Dhubri Town was first constituted as a Municipality in 1883. The Dhubri Town is 290 km far from the State Capital at Dispur. The Bench mark of the town is about 34 mts. above sea level.

People & Culture :

               Dhubri possesses a rich Archaeological and Cultural heritage from the ancient time. This region came in contact with the foreign invaders earlier than the rest of Assam. As Dhubri is called the gateway of Assam, people of diverse ethnic identity came to this region with different aims and a major portion of whom settled in this region. As a result of which Dhubri District witnesses the growth of blended culture, particularly in case of language, art and religion due to the continuous process of assimilation of various races, castes and creed of local people , invaders and migrated people.

               The main local language of this district is Goalporia, popularly known as "Desi Bhasha". Other than this, Assamese and Benglai language are simultaneously spoken in the urban area.

               Regarding dress, Sari is commonly used by both urban and rural women folk. In earlier days the rural women wore a piece of unsewn cloth which was called "Patani". This style of clothing is still seen in some rural areas. Male hindus generally wear Dhuti and Lungi is used by Muslims.

               The most important ingredient of the cultural built-up of this district is its rich and indigenous folksongs and dances which are very popular from ancient time. The themes of these songs and dances are mainly based on religion and love affairs. Goalporia folk  song is the soul of every people of this district.

               The material evidences of rich cultural heritage of Dhubri Dist. are marked by the existence of heritage buildings including temples, shrines and some archaeological reins and various crafts which are scattered all over the District :

Sikh Gurudwara

                In the heart of the Dhubri town,the famous Gurudwara is situated. The Ninth Sikh Guru Tegbahadurji established this Gurudwara during seventeenth century.

Panchpir Dargaha

               It is a mazar sharif of five Sufi saints who accompanied Raja Ram Singha during his invasion to Assam in seventeenth century. This shrine is the best example of religious harmony where all section of people irrespective of their religion pay a visit with great respect.

The Mosque of Rangamati

               It is the oldest masjid in Assam which is situated at Rangamati near Panbari of Dhubri District, errected by Hussain Shah, Governor of Bengal. This masjid belongs to Pre-Mughal period which can be recognized from its typical architectural design.

Mahamaya Dham

               The famous Mahamaya Dham of Bogribari is regarded as the greatest Shaktipith of Western Assam, which is located on a beautiful hillock surrounded by thick jungles.

Ramraikuti Satra

               It is situated at Indo-Bangladesh and West Bengal border at Satrasal of Dhubri Dist. It is a holy place where the marriage ceremony of Chilarai and Bhubaneshwari (daughter of Ramrai, cousin of Sri Sankardev) took place. Paramguru Sri Sankardeva established this satra in order to promote propagate the Satriya Culture in this region. A brass made historical RATHA (Chariot) is preserved here.

Terracotta of Asharikandi

               This craft is practiced among the kumbhakara or Kumara (potter) community of Asharikandi village near Gauripur. Terracotta (means burnt clay)craft was previously confined to their families & neighborhood areas. But at present it occupies a prominent position through out the country and abroad.

Pith Craft

               This is a living folk art of Kuhila practised by the Malakar or Bhuimali communities of Dhubri Dist. residing at Gauripur, Golokganj and Bilasipara area. It is locally known as "Sola" or Kuhila which are available in the marshy land.

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